Allergy: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Sudden cold and wheezing? Itchy skin? Eyes full of tears? Various symptoms but all fall into the category of allergic reactions. Allergy affects over 54% of the world’s total population. Billions of dollars are spent annually on allergic treatments.

Allergy is nothing more than an exaggerated response from the immune system to the various foreign particles and substances present in the environment. But people with allergies know that it is not as simple as it seems.

Allergies can be of various types and can be triggered by environmental changes, dust, pollen, grass, insects, certain types of food, drugs and so on. Such substances that trigger an allergic reaction are known as allergens. Allergens are common substances that are part of our daily existence. While most people remain unaffected by them, in some people they trigger an allergic reaction.

Allergy symptoms

The parts of the body most prone to allergies are eyes, nose, skin and stomach. Some of the most common allergic symptoms include:

– Sneezing and runny nose
– Nasal itching
Itchy ears
– Burning throat
– Swelling of the throat
– Wheezing
– Cough and chest congestion
– Redness around the eyes
– Watery and itchy eyes
– Itchy skin
– Dry and flaky skin
– Rashes
– Reddish discoloration of the skin
– Stomach ache
– Stomach ache
– Cramps
– Nausea

While many of these symptoms can occur as a result of other diseases, their sudden appearance without a definite cause is an indication of an allergy. Most people don’t realize they have an allergy until very late. While in most cases, an over-the-counter tablet or antiallergic cream can control the symptoms, in some cases it is necessary to consult a doctor.

Allergy treatment

Different people react differently to various allergens and therefore there is no definite cause, cure or reaction that can be associated with the allergy. This means that even the treatment is not defined, it is based on the symptoms since the cause is mostly unknown. Doctors will thoroughly examine the symptoms and investigate recent changes in diet, lifestyle, job change etc. These help determine the cause of the allergic reaction.

Many people who have pets at home often show signs of wheezing and a runny nose, an allergic reaction to the proteins found in the skin and the saliva of furry pets. Some people develop allergic rashes to the consumption of certain foods. Changes in the environment can also lead to allergies.

It is absolutely important that you talk to your doctor about the smallest changes in your life even if it is as simple as changing your shaving blade. This will help the doctor determine the exact cause of your allergy and provide the best treatment.

Doctors usually prescribe medications such as antihistamines, decongestants and corticosteroids to control symptoms and reduce discomfort. He / she may also advise you to make allergy shots that gradually increase your body’s tolerance against allergens.

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